Energy Security for the CountryProf. Sunil Khanna
Prof Sunil Khanna VP, NIIT, Neemrana, Rajasthan gave a scintillating talk on "Energy Security in India". The focus of his lecture was on the enormous potential of bio-technology, in general, and bio-fuels in particular in contributing towards energy security and environmental management in India. In the introduction, Prof Khanna mentioned that during the last few decades India has been rapidly transforming from an agriculture based economy to an industry - based country. As a result the energy demand has grown significantly. The large gap between demand and supply of energy and electricity has to be bridged by an optimum mix of carbon -based and carbon -free energy options, without degrading the environment, in order to improve our quality of life and transform India from a developing to a developed nation.
Energy security will also pave the way for us to achieve food and water security. Dr Khanna mentioned that carbon-based energy system, based mainly on fossil fuels like coal, oil and gas, will continue to dominate the energy basket in India, for generation of electricity and for running our vehicles in the transportation sector, at least for the next few decades till the time the carbon-free energy options, namely, solar, wind, nuclear, hydrogen fuel and electric vehicle (EV) attain industrial maturity. The major challenges of carbon based energy systems in India are twofold. First, the long term sustainability of fossil fuel and their ever increasing import bill. Secondly, fossil fuels are associated with CO2 and other green house gas emission responsible for global warming and related climate change.
Prof. Khanna touched upon a few innovative ways for carbon capture, utilization and storage. In his opinion, bio fuel could be a good substitute for fossil fuel in terms of long term sustainability. Bio-butanol is better than ethanol and methanol as a transportation fuel. This can be produced economically by mixing biomass and agriculture & dairy waste in bio-refineries. Both public and private investors should set up bio-refineries all over the country as part of the waste to wealth program. Prof Khanna mentioned that in coming years, food versus fuel competition is foreseen for judicious utilization of agricultural land. Prof. Khanna also covered oil spillage management by degradation with optimum use of microbes.
Energy Security for the CountryProf. Sunil Khanna
Prof. Sunil Khanna is currently the Vice President, Dean (Research) & Dean (Admissions) at NIIT University.
He started his career as a Graduate Research Associate in Waite Agricultural Research Institute, University of Adelaide, South Australia in 1983 and then moved to work as a Research Fellow with Microbiology and Molecular Genetics Division, University of Cincinnati, Ohio in January 1984. In September 1985, he joined TERI as Area Convener Fellow and worked at that position till March 1992 to be promoted as Dean, Biotechnology in April 1992 till January 1996. He moved to Tata Energy and Resources Institute, U.S.A as Vice President in Feb 1996 till June 1998. He came back to India in July 1998 and was associated with TERI as Principal Investigator for their research projects.
Prof. Sunil has held various positions with Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology (TIET) from October 2000 to July 2005-Dean, Resource Generation and Planning (2003 onwards), Executive Director, Science & Technology Entrepreneurs Park (STEP), Coordinator, Center for Relevance and Excellence (CORE), Head and Professor, Department of Biotechnology and Environmental Sciences. He then joined NIIT University as Dean, Planning, and Professor of Biotechnology and Bioinformatics.
In terms of his educational background, Prof. Sunil is a Ph.D (Biochemistry), 1983 from Waite Agricultural Research Institute, Adelaide, Australia. He did his Masters in 1978 from the Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India. He completed his graduation in Botany [Hons.] in 1976 from Delhi University.
Prof. Sunil is currently the President of the Association of Microbiologists of India (FAMI). He is a member of a number of societies in India and abroad, and has also worked as Editor-in-Chief of the Indian Journal of Microbiology from 1993 to1996. His publications include 60 papers in peer-reviewed journals/books, 75 papers in conference proceedings/meetings, 20 technical reports, 3 reviews in books, and 2 books. Prof. Sunil is a Fellow of the Association of Microbiologists of India (FAMI). Prof Sunil has also completed 22 research projects as principal investigator funded by Bilateral (UNDP, Ford foundation, IDRC Canada, NEDO Japan) and National institutions (MNRE, DST, ONGC and DBT).
Cyber SecurityProf. Kamlesh Bajaj
With an increasing amount of people getting connected to Internet, the security threats that cause massive harm are also increasing. Cyber-crime is the greatest threat to every company in the world and the following are few alarming stats that depict what the current scenario of information security.
- Cyber-crime to reach damage cost to hit 6 trillion dollars annually by 2021.
- Since, 2013 there are over 400,000,000 records stolen from breaches every day.
- Over 75% health industries are affected.
- 1 in 131 mails are malware.
- According to Warren Buffet, the biggest threat to mankind is cyber threat greater than the danger of nuclear threat.
- Android is the second most attacked platform after Windows.
Cyber security comprises technologies, processes and controls that are designed to protect systems, networks and data from cyber-attacks. Major areas covered by cyber security are Application Security, Information Security, Disaster Recovery and Network Security.
Cyberspace refers to the virtual computer world, and more specifically, is an electronic medium used to form a global computer network to facilitate online communication. It is a large computer network made up of many worldwide computer networks that employ TCP/IP protocol to aid in communication and data exchange activities. Due to the ever increasing digital information on the worldwide web, the cyber space is now classified as a new domain of battle—as significant as air, land, or sea.
Any threat to information on cyber space is known as cyber-attack. Hackers try to break computers in the cyber space, usually by gaining unauthorized access to administrative controls and perform unintended malicious activities.The cyber-attacks are generally categorized as follows:
- SQL injection attack
- Cross-Site Scripting
Data breaches have taken place almost everywhere ranging from private information, high-profile private companies to Government sector. Some of the biggest data-breaches happened in the past are summarized as follows.
- Sony's PlayStation Network accounts hacked in 2011.
- Uber in late 2016.
- Equifax, one of the largest credit bureaus in the U.S. on Sept. 7, 2017.
- Gmail users were targeted in a sophisticated phishing scam on May 3, 2017.
- On February 28, 2018, GitHub's code hosting website.
Possible Approaches for solving security issues
Although Cyber-attacks cannot be prevented completely, we can follow certain measures to protect the data. Some of the possible preventive measures for handling cyber-attacks are listed below.
- Never disclose personal information publicly
- Install Reliable Antivirus Software
- Protect with Firewall
- Install Encryption Software
- Website owners should watch traffic and check any irregularity on the site
- Putting host-based intrusion detection devices on servers will serve the purpose.
- Hype Up Your Security Consciousness
- Govt- Cyber Swachhta Kendra (Botnet Cleaning and Malware Analysis Centre)
To conclude, hackers don’t use guns as their weapon, but they attack with mouse cursors and passwords. Taking appropriate precautions and educating ourselves is the right key to protect information!
Cyber SecurityProf. Kamlesh Bajaj
Prof. Kamlesh Bajaj is a Mentor Professor at NIIT University. He holds a Ph.D, Physics from McMaster University, Canada; and a Masters Degree in Physics from the University of Delhi. He is a Fellow of the National Academy of Sciences (FNASc), and a Fellow of the Institution of Electronics Engineers (FIETE). He is also a Distinguished Fellow, EastWest Institute, New York.
Prof. Bajaj drives the Cyber Security Programme at NU to establish a CoE, develop research programmes, work with industry and government agencies, and make NU a part of the national cyber security initiatives. Prof. Bajaj was the Founder CEO of Data Security Council of India – an industry initiative - in Cyber Security and Data Privacy. At DSCI, Prof. Bajaj guided the development of best practices Frameworks for Data Security and Privacy Protection. He has served on various Government Committees on cyber security, privacy and ICT, and contributed to the activities of global bodies like OECD and EWI.
He has published and lectured extensively on the IT Act 2000, Cyber Security and Cyber-Crimes, Privacy and Data Protection, Internet Governance, e-commerce, Digital Signatures, in national and international journals and conferences. He has authored two books, and co-authored two books. He has over 50 publications. He also writes in the national media on policy issues on Cyber Security, Data Privacy, Internet Governance, Surveillance and Related Areas.
Prof. Bajaj comes with a rich experience of nearly forty years in IT during which he has led several projects in the government that include revenue, banking, electronic data interchange and e-commerce. As the Founder Director of the Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In) at the Ministry of Communications and IT, he directed the cyber security initiatives in the government. He served as Deputy Director General, National Informatics Centre (NIC). As Deputy Controller of Certifying Authorities he set up the techno-legal infrastructure for PKI in the country. He also served as Global Head, Information Risk Management Consulting Practice, Tata Consultancy Services.
International Energy OutlookMr. David Carroll
Representations of top officials from ONGC- Asset, WSS; GSPC, JTI, Oilex, Selan, Essar oil (CBM), GSPC LNG, Nexus Deepwater Engineering, HIS Energy, JyotiSagar and Associates, Adani Gas, Sabarmati Gas, SIRDA, Nirma University, LD College of Engineering, Akash Exploration, etc participated.
The discussion revolved around India’s target of improving 6% gas in energy mix at present to 15% by 2022. Mr. Carroll in his talk mentioned about his meeting with Prime Minister of India and his request to him regarding collaboration with PDPU. He emphasized the need of renewable energy and new energy such as Coal Bed Methane and Shale Gas.
Distinguished lecture on International Energy Outlook covered presentation made by GTI in CERA week Houston. CERA week by IHS Markit has become the world’s premier energy event. The presentation provided insight into global energy future by addressing key issues- from markets and geopolitics to technology, project cost, finance, operational excellence, clean air quality etc.
Essential eight technologies for future are:
- Augmented Reality
- Virtual Reality
- Artificial Intelligence
- 3D printing
Mr. Carroll stressed that the country needs to achieve a balance between domestic production of natural gas and imports. This is needed so that it is not completely subject to the cyclical nature of gas business, and to fallout of a Fukushima like event. India has the potential, resources, technical talent, and workforce to achieve the target to triple gas consumption, but the challenge is greater because of the aggressive time table. India also needs to provide a regulatory regime that is fair to all investors.
At the end of the presentation MOU for Academic co-operation was signed. GTI would like to collaborate for capacity building for industry and students.
International Energy OutlookMr. David Carroll
Mr. David Carroll has been the President and Chief Executive Officer of Gas Technology Institute since August 2006. He holds additional role of President of the International Gas Union (IGU) for a three-year term at the closing ceremony of the World Gas Conference (WGC) in Paris. Mr. Carroll oversees GTI's operations and directs its programs for developing technologies, products and services that create exceptional value for customers in the natural gas and related industries.
Mr. Carroll joined Gas Technology Institute in 2001 as Vice President of Business Development. From 1996 to 2001, he served at Praxair, Inc. At Praxair, Mr. Carroll served as Director of Business Development from 1999 to 2001 and served as General Manager of a strategic business unit from 1977 to 1999, directing a 70-person staff in sales, marketing, engineering, financial and technical service functions. Mr. Carroll held positions of increasing responsibility with Liquid Carbonic Industries, a subsidiary of Chicago Bridge & Iron from 1994 to 1996, where he directed energy supply efforts and with Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. from 1980 to 1994. Mr. Carroll serves as Director of Gas Technology Institute. Mr. Carroll has been Director of Changing World Technologies, Inc. since November 2006. He has been an Independent Director at National Fuel Gas Company since June 7, 2012. He served as a Director of CrystaTech Inc. He is a member of the Society of Gas Lighting and serves as Director of Versa Power Systems, a developer, manufacturer and distributor of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) systems. He served as Director of WestStart/CALSTART.
Mr. Carroll earned a Bachelor of Science degree in chemical engineering from the University of Pittsburgh and a master's degree in business administration from Lehigh University and has completed the Stanford Executive Program at Stanford University's Graduate School of Business.
2017 Dr. Pramath Raj Sinha Founder and Managing Director of
9.9 Mediaworx Private Limited
Pramath Raj Sinha is a Senior Advisor of the Albright Stonebridge Group, India and the Founder and Managing Director of 9.9 Mediaworx Private Limited. Prior to founding 9.9 Media, he was a Partner at McKinsey and led the Anand Bazaar Patrika Group, one of India’s leading and most diversified media conglomerates. He helped set up and served as the Founding Dean of the Indian School of Business (ISB). He continues to be a member of its Board of Governors. Also, he is one of the co-founders of Ashoka University, a private state University with pioneering courses like the Young India Fellowship Program, under and post graduate degrees in liberal studies and other subjects. He is one of the founders of an innovative initiative for developing women leaders- Vedica Scholars. Pramath is a Director on the Boards of PRADAN, India’s leading development institution focused on improving livelihoods in the country’s poorest district and of the Central Square Foundation, a philanthropic fund focused on improving the educational outcomes for low‐income children in India. He holds a B.Tech degree from IIT Kanpur and an MSE and PhD from University of Pennsylvania.